Earth Observation for Sustainable Development Disaster Risk Reduction (EO4SD DRR) is an activity initiated by European Space Agency (ESA) in the framework of its collaboration with International Financing Institutions (IFI´s) to support greater use of satellite Earth Observation (EO) in applications related to the management of natural and man-made hazards and risks (learn more).
Disasters cause human suffering, environmental harm, and economic loss; investing in its prevention and reduction will diminish people’s vulnerability, saving lives and reducing economical damage.
The impact of disasters on lives and economy are of prime importance to society, especially for developing countries, where the mortality and economic losses are disproportionately high and where development achievements can be threatened. Many types of natural disasters can affect the humankind worldwide: Geo-hazards like earthquakes and volcanoes; hydro-meteorological hazards like floods, hurricanes, tropical storms and storm surges; climatological events like droughts, heatwaves and wildfires among others. There is the need of addressing the impact of these events not only by reacting after episodes but also by enhancing prevention and preparedness. Earth Observation can contribute to tackling most of these natural hazard types efficiently by providing hazard mapping, supporting services for the assessment of exposure, vulnerability and risk and reconstruction monitoring.
Since 2008 ESA has worked closely with Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) and their Client States to harness the benefits of Earth Observation in global sustainable development increasing the uptake of EO-based information in regular development operations at national and international level.